All on red: The economic cost of missed Swedish job opportunities in the online gambling industry
Swedish gambling companies have grown rapidly over the last decade to an industry with 20 companies and just over 11 000 employees. But the ban on private gambling companies has forced them to move most of their operations abroad. In this report, DAMVAD Analytics calculate the economic cost of missed job opportunities in the online gambling industry to the Swedish economy in terms of production value and tax income.
The report was presented in July 2017
The Swedish online gambling industry and conditions for gambling operations within Sweden
In this report, Henrik Jordahl, Associate Professor of economics and Program Director at the Institute of Industrial Economics, and David Sundén PhD, examine the Swedish online gambling industry’s economic importance for Sweden as well as its ability to operate in the country. The authors conclude that a future reregulation of the gambling market should take into account the industrial perspective and the gambling companies’ points of contact with other Swedish tech and Internet companies.
The report was presented in December 2016
Copenhagen Economics inquiry on optimal gambling tax rates
It’s no simple task to reregulate the Swedish gambling market so that the policy goals of strict control and large surpluses from the games are met. In this report, the economics consulting firm Copenhagen Economics examines how the tax rate influences what proportion of Swedes gamble online within the licencing system (so-called channeling) and its effects on government revenue. They conclude that the tax on online gambling rate should not be below 15 percent nor exceed 20 percent of the gambling companies’ revenue in Sweden. Within this interval, it’s possible to achieve both high channeling and high tax revenue.
The report was presented in October 2016
Myths about online gambling and offshore online companies
This report uses well-documented facts from research, government statistics, legislation and industry-wide agreements to highlight and address some of the most frequent allegations against foreign gambling companies used by the media and in political debates. The hope is that this can contribute to a more fact-based rather than myths-based future debate, not least on coming policy choices.
The report examines eight common beliefs: Online companies are unregulated and pay no taxes; Online gambling promotes laundering; Online gambling leads to more problem gambling; Online companies take no responsibility for their customers; Online companies are engaged in the most aggressive marketing; Online gambling is isolating and anti-social; It’s easier to be deceived by foreign companies; and live betting contributes to more match fixing.
The report was published in June 2014
Read the full report here: Swedish version
Comparing the CEN and SPER standards
This report compares the ‘Swedish Requirements’ (the Swedish government’s Responsible Gambling Requirements and the Swedish Trade Organisation for Companies with a Swedish Licence’s (SPER’s) Standard on Gambling Responsibility) with the CEN Workshop Agreement 16259:2011 for Responsible Remote Gambling Measures (the ‘CWA’).
The results illustrate that the current Swedish Requirements only address or partially address 56% of the CWA’s Measures. According to eGaming Compliance Services Limited (eCOGRA) who authored the report, the use of the CWA as a common code within Sweden would strengthen the current standards and achieve a higher level of consumer protection.
The report was published in November 2013
The report can be found here: Swedish version
Impact of different gambling tax scenarios
This study, authored by PriceWaterhouseCoopers, investigates the potential social and economic impact of re-regulating online gambling in Sweden. Specifically, it considers the relative merits of introducing different tax rates on gross gambling revenue (10%, 15% and 20%) when re-regulating the market.
The principal focus of the study is the impact of regulation and taxation on the proportion of the market that is accounted for by the industry. This ultimately determines the government’s ability to protect players and to effectively address problem gambling concerns. The study also provides an estimate of the total potential tax revenue under different re-regulation scenarios for online GGR.
The report was published in November 2012
The report can be found here: English version
Survey of responsible gambling measures
This report compared the regulated online market in Sweden and the five founding members of BOS regarding responsible gambling measures from a customer perspective with the European Committee for Standardization’s (CEN) standard for responsible gambling (CEN Workshop Agreement on Responsible Remote Gambling Measures, CWA 16259).
The results show that the majority of the relevant CEN standard paragraphs (paragraphs 1 and 2, as included in this report) were essentially satisfied. This applies to both the BOS members and the companies licensed to operate in the Swedish market. No clear or general difference was found between the BOS members and companies in the regulated Swedish market.
The report was published in June 2013